Historical floods with impact data (1870-2020)


ID Country Year Start End Type Area (km^2) Fatalities Persons affected Losses (mln EUR, 2020) Detail
1017 Netherlands (NL) 1953 1953-01-31 1953-02-01 Coastal 2000 1835 188000 5 436 Detail
1287 Spain (ES) 1962 1962-09-25 1962-09-27 Flash 815 20000 616 Detail
1202 Spain (ES) 1879 1879-10-19 1879-10-19 Flash 777 23000 Detail
1199 Spain (ES) 1874 1874-09-22 1874-09-23 Flash 575 2800 Detail
1096 Portugal (PT) 1967 1967-11-25 1967-11-26 Flash 522 2042 Detail
117 France (FR) 1875 1875-06-05 1875-06-26 River 500 9600 Detail
406 Hungary (HU) 1878 1878-08-30 1878-08-30 Flash 400 9000 10 Detail
1213 Spain (ES) 1891 1891-09-11 1891-09-11 Flash 370 3000 Detail
303 Germany (DE) 1962 1962-02-16 1962-02-17 Coastal 370 347 30000 5 524 Detail
75 Czechia (CZ) 1872 1872-05-25 1872-05-26 Flash 337 2900 119 Detail
670 Italy (IT) 1954 1954-10-25 1954-10-26 Flash 7 322 10000 196 Detail
1503 United Kingdom (UK) 1953 1953-01-31 1953-02-01 Coastal 647 307 96000 1 463 Detail
452 Italy (IT) 1885 1885-01-12 1885-01-28 River 306 Detail
1302 Spain (ES) 1973 1973-10-18 1973-10-19 Flash 300 20000 2 249 Detail
144 France (FR) 1930 1930-03-01 1930-03-04 River 230 16200 799 Detail
462 Italy (IT) 1892 1892-10-20 1892-10-20 Flash 203 Detail
281 Germany (DE) 1888 1888-03-20 1888-04-13 River 200 3 379 Detail
481 Italy (IT) 1910 1910-10-24 1910-10-24 Flash 200 Detail
1205 Spain (ES) 1880 1880-10-14 1880-10-14 Flash 178 12000 Detail
126 France (FR) 1892 1892-07-12 1892-07-12 Flash 175 Detail
407 Hungary (HU) 1879 1879-03-12 1879-03-12 River 489 151 100000 Detail
295 Germany (DE) 1927 1927-07-08 1927-07-09 Flash 146 1800 462 Detail
119 France (FR) 1875 1875-09-12 1875-09-13 Flash 139 1200 8 Detail
488 Italy (IT) 1915 1915-11-01 1915-11-30 River 130 Detail
77 Czechia (CZ) 1897 1897-07-29 1897-07-30 Flash 124 111 Detail
HANZE-Events list A

HANZE-Events list A contains locations, dates and impacts of 2521 floods that have occurred in 42 European countries between 1870 and 2020. It was created through extensive compilation, cross-checking and homogenization of more than 800 data sources. Using a standardized classification of subnational units based on the NUTS system, all events can easily be connected with socioeconomic exposure data in HANZE (view) or other NUTS-based statistical data.

Browsing the flood data

On this webpage, the main variables of HANZE-Events can be viewed, filtered and sorted in an interactive table below. Every event includes a link to a subpage, where all available data pertaining to the event can be viewed, together a map presenting the location of impacted regions. Each event includes a list of references, based on which the record was created. The full bibliographic details are provided in the list of references (view).

Detailed description of the methodology and data can be found in an open-access publication:
Paprotny D., Terefenko P., Śledziowski J. (2023) An improved database of flood impacts in Europe, 1870–2020: HANZE v2.1. Earth System Science Data Discussions. (view)

The full dataset can be downloaded from Zenodo:
HANZE database of historical flood impacts in Europe, 1870-2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8410025